Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical substance used in the manufacture of certain food contact materials such as plastic (polycarbonates) and coatings (epoxy resins)。 Polycarbonate is mainly used in food contact applications such as water coolers and chocolate moulds, based on the properties that it provides compared to other plastics。 BPA-based epoxy resin is used extensively as a component of the coatings applied to metal food and beverage cans to ensure the preservation of the packaged food。 The resins are also used in coatings and varnishes on the caps and closures of food contact jars and bottles and on containers used in the production and industrial scale storage of food such as vats。ВРАmay also be present to some extent in some other food contact materials including printing inks, adhesives and in addition it may be present in recycled paper and board。 BPA is also used in other consumer products such as thermal paper used for receipts, toys and medical devices。
However, BPA may migrate from containers and packaging materials to food and beverage. The researches show that contact with BPA have the potential to have adverse effects on the development of nervous system and function of immunity system, especially for babies and young children. What’s worse, BPA can also disrupt endocrine system causing reproductive problem and sexual precocity, even cause cancers associated with endocrines. The adverse events of BPA give rise to more stringent regulation in many countries and areas.France based its hazard assessment of BPA on the effects on several human health endpoints (the female reproductive system, the brain and behaviour, the mammary gland, metabolism and obesity)。 The effects on the mammary gland were considered the most critical endpoint, prevailing over the others。
EU Regulation No 321/2011 Restriction of Use of Bisphenol A in Plastic Infant Feeding Bottle
EN 14372 Cutlery and Feeding Utensils
EN 14350 Child Use and Care Articles—Drinking equipment (feeding bottles, teats and drinking cups)
Canada Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA)
Health Ministry of P.R. China, Notification 15 of 2011
Other related regulations, directives or standards
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